Dysphasia :

is a partial or complete impairment of the ability to communicate resulting from brain injury (such as Dementia)

Aphasia :

is a condition that affects the brain and leads to problems using language correctly. People with aphasia make mistakes in the words they use, sometimes using the wrong sounds in a word, choosing the wrong word, or putting words together incorrectly


is a medical term that describes a range of movement disorders that cause muscle spasms and contractions.

REM sleep disorder:

For most people, dreaming is purely a "mental" activity: they occur in the mind while the body is at rest. But people who suffer from REM behaviour disorder (RBD) act out their dreams. They physically move limbs or even get up and engage in activities associated with waking. Some engage in sleep talking, shouting, screaming, hitting or punching


Is a condition in which problems effectively occur with the muscles that help produce speech, often making it very difficult to pronounce words. It is unrelated to any problem with understanding cognitive language


reasonably positive mood.


is a medication (or other intervention) that stops or reduces anxiety.


Antidepressants are a type of medication used to treat depression (really low mood) or prevent it recurring.


This is when people can act impulsively, not thinking about social boundaries or how appropriate an action is.

Dosette Box:

'Dosette' type boxes that you fill yourself, or with assistance from family and carers. These have separate compartments for days of the week and / or times of day such as morning, afternoon and evening

Lasting Powers of Attorney:

A lasting power of attorney (LPA) is a legal document that lets you (the 'donor') appoint one or more people (known as 'attorneys') to help you make decisions or make decisions on your behalf. This gives you more control over what happens to you if, for example, you have an accident or an illness and can't make decisions at the time they need to be made (you 'lack mental capacity').


is a lack of feeling, emotion, interest, and concern. An apathetic individual has an absence of interest in or concern about emotional, social, spiritual, philosophical and/or physical life and the world


of, or resting to the meaning or understanding of words.


is the resting heart rate of under 60 beats per minute

Cholinesterase Inhibitor:

This is a medication used to stop certain enzymes in the brain from breaking down chemicals needed to transmit messages around your brain

Adverse Effect:

is an undesired harmful effect often resulting from a medication


to exhibit symptoms


A psychologist evaluates, diagnoses, treats, and studies behaviour and mental processes

Occupational Therapist:

Occupational therapists work with people of all ages to help them overcome the effects of disability caused by physical or psychological illness, ageing or accident.

Ace III:

This is an abbreviated term for the 'Addenbrooke's Cognitive Assessment Ace III'. This is a test used by professionals to assess a person's cognitive abilities.


This is an abbreviated term for the 'Bristol Activities of Daily Living Scale.This is an assessment completed by a family member/carer assessing the impact of a condition on a person's everyday living skills.


This is an abbreviated term for the 'Brief Assessment Schedule Depression Cards'.This is used to score a person's low mood, assessing if they are in what's known as the 'depressed range', where possible treatment for depression may be indicated.

Step wise:



This is an abbreviated term for 'Multi-disciplinary Team'. A multi-disciplinary team is a group of professionals at different levels involved in your care this includes carers, nurses, doctors, Occupational therapists etc.


This is an organic molecule which acts as a transmitter inside your brain. It carries messages from one part to another, very quickly.

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